To address the air pollution problem in India, the Government of India through its Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched ‘National Clean Air Programme' (NCAP) in January 2019 as a national-level strategy to achieve the national level target of 20-30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by 2024. For priority action, 122 cities have been identified by MoEFCC as non- attainment cities due to air pollution levels in exceedance beyond permissible National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) based on data generated under National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP) during 2011-2015.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the sectoral ministries of Housing & Urban Development, Power, Transport, Petroleum and Natural Gas, New and Renewable Energy and Heavy Industry and Agriculture are actively engaged for implementation of NCAP. At the state and local level, agencies of environment, pollution control, industry and cities are involved. At present, the city action plans of the non- attainment cities are approved by the CPCB, and the main focus is on the implementation of these plans.
Under the ongoing Indo German Development Corporation, a project on “Reduction of Air Pollution in Three Indian Cities” is being implemented by GIZ, commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) as a part of the Global Project on “Export Initiative Environmental Technologies” (Exl). The Global Project (GV) supports in improving favourable framework conditions and developing markets for the introduction and permanent application of innovative, integrated environmental and climate protection technologies and the development of innovative green infrastructure in selected partner countries and thus contributes to the achievement of the UN sustainability goals (SDGs).
The “Reduction of Air Pollution in Three Indian Cities” project has focus on developing solutions for implementing viable environmental technologies for achieving air pollution reduction targets in the selected cities. The budget for the project is 2.4 Mio EUR. The project started in June 2020 and is up to March 2023.